An intranasal vaccine composed of native outer membrane vesicles (NOMV) not exposed to detergent or denaturing agents was PrePared from the group B meningococcal strain 9162 SynX(-)(-:15:P1.3:P5.10,11:L3,7,9) and tested in 32 healthy adult volunteers. Four groups of 8 volunteers were vaccinated intranasally with three doses of vaccine. The vaccine was very well tolerated in all dosing groups, despite the presence of lipo-oligosaccharide in the vaccine at a level of 25% relative to protein. The antibody response as measured by ELISA in serum, saliva and nasal wash fluids was relatively low in all 4 groups, but the induced serum antibodies had strong bactericidal activity. Persistent bactericidal antibodies (≥4-fold increase) were produced in 75% of the recipients. Some of the bactericidal antibodies were cross reactive against divergent group B strains. Most of the bactericidal antibodies appeared to be specific for PorA and L3,7,9 LOS. The vaccine also produced a local antibody response which was detected in the nasal wash fluids of volunteers. These data suggest that nasal immunization with NOMV is a safe and effective approach to induce systemic and local immunity against the group B meningococcus and deserves further study.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases