Sample handling, preparation and mounting for XPS and other surface analytical techniques

Fred A. Stevie, Roberto Garcia, Jeffrey Shallenberger, John G. Newman, Carrie L. Donley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


Sample preparation and mounting are important aspects of x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) analysis. New users do not know many techniques that are familiar to analysts with years of experience, and these observations and "tricks of the trade"are typically not published. This article is intended to convey the experience of the authors in this field who have creatively analyzed a wide range of samples. Samples can include solids, powders, fibers, porous solids, and even liquids. This information is also important to anyone submitting samples for analysis, since the preparation of the sample may influence the usefulness of the data collected. These techniques are also applicable to other surface analysis methods.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number063202
JournalJournal of Vacuum Science and Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces and Films
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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