The number of applications of microfluidic analysis systems continues to increase, along with the variety of substrate materials and complexity of the devices themselves. One of the most common features of these devices that has remained relatively unchanged, however, is the introduction of a sample mixture into a separation channel so that individual components can be separated by electrophoresis. Whether a relatively simple mixture of amino acids or a more complex sample of DNA fragments extracted and amplified on-chip, the ability to reliably and reproducibly inject a representative sample is arguably the most significant requirement for an electrophoretic micro total analysis system (μTAS). This review will focus on the different methods reported for sample introduction in microchip electrophoresis, highlighting both pressure-driven and electrokinetic techniques, with an emphasis on the methods employed in μTAS applications.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Environmental Chemistry