Transient elevations of cytosolic Ca2+ are a common mechanism of cellular signaling. In striated muscle, the sarco(endo)plasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase (SERCA) plays an important role in terminating Ca 2+ transients by returning cytosolic Ca2+ to intracellular stores. Stored Ca2+can then be released again for subsequent signaling. We down-regulated SERCA2 gene expression in cultured cardiac myocytes by means of endogenous transcription of small interfering RNA encoded by an exogenous cDNA template. The cDNA template was delivered by adenovirus vector. Reduction of SERCA expression in all myocytes in culture was documented by immunochemistry, real-time RT-PCR, and determination of ATP-dependent Ca 2+ transport. The reduction of SERCA2 expression was associated with the up-regulation of transient receptor potential (TRP) channel proteins (TRPC4 and TRPC5) and Na+/Ca2+ exchanger, indicating that intracellular store deficiency was compensated for by Ca2+ fluxes through the plasma membrane. In fact, SERCA silencing was followed by increased transcription of Na+/ Ca2+ exchanger, TRPC4, TRPC5, and related transcriptional factors, such as stimulating protein 1, myocyte enhancer factor 2, and nuclear factor of activated cells 4, through activation of calcineurin. This finding demonstrates that the observed compensation occurs through transcriptional crosstalk and the remodeling of Ca2+ signaling pathways. The wide significance of this regulatory mechanism is related to its general involvement in Ca2+ signaling dynamics and in cardiac development and hypertrophy.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America|
|State||Published - Nov 23 2004|
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