Scaffolding in technology-enhanced learning environments

Priya Sharma, Michael Hannafin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

180 Scopus citations


Scaffolding has proven an especially interesting and promising area for supporting teaching and learning practices. Particular interest has emerged in scaffolding student learning in technology-enhanced environments. In this paper, we discuss how scaffolding is implemented in technology-enhanced environments, provide an overview of scaffolding processes and techniques in various contexts, and then provide empirically based guidelines for designing scaffolding in technological environments. We examine current research to identify two primary design components, cognitive and interface, and suggest how scaffold design might be improved for more effective use by learners. We conclude by identifying practice and research implications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-46
Number of pages20
JournalInteractive Learning Environments
Issue number1
StatePublished - Apr 2007

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Education
  • Computer Science Applications


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