Scaled-Up Synthesis of Freestanding Molybdenum Disulfide Membranes for Nanopore Sensing

Mohammad Amin Alibakhshi, Xinqi Kang, David Clymer, Zhuoyu Zhang, Anthony Vargas, Vincent Meunier, Meni Wanunu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


2D materials are ideal for nanopores with optimal detection sensitivity and resolution. Among these, molybdenum disulfide (MoS2) has gained traction as a less hydrophobic material than graphene. However, experiments using 2D nanopores remain challenging due to the lack of scalable methods for high-quality freestanding membranes. Herein, a site-directed, scaled-up synthesis of MoS2 membranes on predrilled nanoapertures on 4-inch wafer substrates with 75% yields is reported. Chemical vapor deposition (CVD), which introduces sulfur and molybdenum dioxide vapors across the sub-100 nm nanoapertures results in exclusive formation of freestanding membranes that seal the apertures. Nucleation and growth near the nanoaperture edges is followed by nanoaperture decoration with MoS2, which proceeds until a critical flake curvature is achieved, after which fully spanning freestanding membranes form. Intentional blocking of reagent flow through the apertures inhibits MoS2 nucleation around the nanoapertures, promoting the formation of large-crystal monolayer MoS2 membranes. The in situ grown membranes along with facile membrane wetting and nanopore formation using dielectric breakdown enables the recording of dsDNA translocation events at an unprecedentedly high 1 MHz bandwidth. The methods presented here are important steps toward the development of scalable single-layer membrane manufacture for 2D nanofluidics and nanopore applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2207089
JournalAdvanced Materials
Issue number12
StatePublished - Mar 23 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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