Scaling effects of relaxor-PbTiO3 crystals and composites for high frequency ultrasound

Hyeong Jae Lee, Shujun Zhang, Thomas R. Shrout

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33 Scopus citations


The dielectric and piezoelectric properties of Pb(Mg1/3Nb 2/3)O3-PbTiO3 (PMN-PT) and Pb(In 1/2Nb1/2)O3-Pb(Mg1/3Nb 2/3)O3-PbTiO3 (PIN-PMN-PT) ferroelectric single crystals were investigated as a function of thickness/scale in monolithic and piezoelectric/polymer 1-3 composites. For the case of PMN-PT single crystals, the dielectric (ε33T0) and electromechanical properties (k33) were found to significantly decrease with decreasing thickness (500-40 μm), while minimal thickness dependency was observed for PIN-PMN-PT single crystals. Temperature dependent dielectric behavior of the crystals suggested that the observed thickness dependence in PMN-PT was strongly related to their relatively large domain size (>10-20 μm). As anticipated, 1-3 composite comprised of PIN-PMN-PT crystals exhibited superior properties to that of PMN-PT composite at high frequencies (>20 MHz). However, the observed couplings, being on the order of 80%, were disappointedly low when compared to their monolithic counterparts, the result of surface damage introduced during the dicing process, as evidenced by the broadened [002] peaks in the x-ray diffraction pattern.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number124107
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number12
StatePublished - Jun 15 2010

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy


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