Scavenging or Hunting in Early Hominids: Theoretical Framework and Tests

Pat Shipman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

195 Scopus citations


Evidence from Bed I, Olduvai, supports the hypothesis that scavenging, not hunting, was the major meat‐procurement strategy of hominids between 2 and 1.7 million years ago. Data used to evaluate the hunting and scavenging hypotheses are derived from studying cut marks on Bed I bovids, comparing adaptations necessary for scavenging with those of early hominids, and a pa‐leoecological reconstruction of Bed I carcass biotnass, carnivore guild, and hominidforaging area. 1986 American Anthropological Association

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)27-43
Number of pages17
JournalAmerican Anthropologist
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 1986

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Anthropology
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)


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