Search for Magnetically Broadened Cascade Emission from Blazars with VERITAS

S. Archambault, A. Archer, W. Benbow, M. Buchovecky, V. Bugaev, M. Cerruti, M. P. Connolly, W. Cui, A. Falcone, M. Fernández Alonso, J. P. Finley, H. Fleischhack, L. Fortson, A. Furniss, S. Griffin, M. Hütten, O. Hervet, J. Holder, T. B. Humensky, C. A. JohnsonP. Kaaret, P. Kar, D. Kieda, M. Krause, F. Krennrich, M. J. Lang, T. T.Y. Lin, G. Maier, S. McArthur, P. Moriarty, D. Nieto, S. O'Brien, R. A. Ong, A. N. Otte, M. Pohl, A. Popkow, E. Pueschel, J. Quinn, K. Ragan, P. T. Reynolds, G. T. Richards, E. Roache, A. C. Rovero, I. Sadeh, K. Shahinyan, D. Staszak, I. Telezhinsky, J. Tyler, S. P. Wakely, A. Weinstein, T. Weisgarber, P. Wilcox, A. Wilhelm, D. A. Williams, B. Zitzer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Scopus citations


We present a search for magnetically broadened gamma-ray emission around active galactic nuclei (AGNs), using VERITAS observations of seven hard-spectrum blazars. A cascade process occurs when multi-TeV gamma-rays from an AGN interact with extragalactic background light (EBL) photons to produce electron-positron pairs, which then interact with cosmic microwave background photons via inverse-Compton scattering to produce gamma-rays. Due to the deflection of the electron-positron pairs, a non-zero intergalactic magnetic field (IGMF) would potentially produce detectable effects on the angular distribution of the cascade emission. In particular, an angular broadening compared to the unscattered emission could occur. Through non-detection of angularly broadened emission from 1ES 1218+304, the source with the largest predicted cascade fraction, we exclude a range of IGMF strengths around 10-14 G at the 95% confidence level. The extent of the exclusion range varies with the assumptions made about the intrinsic spectrum of 1ES 1218+304 and the EBL model used in the simulation of the cascade process. All of the sources are used to set limits on the flux due to extended emission.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number288
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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