Searches for and Characterization of Astrophysical Neutrinos using Starting Track Events in IceCube

The IceCube Collaboration

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


The IceCube Neutrino Observatory is a cubic kilometer-sized detector designed to detect neutrinos of astrophysical origin. However, muons created by cosmic rays interacting in the atmosphere pose a significant background for these astrophysical neutrinos particularly in the southern equatorial sky. Identifying neutrino events that start in the detector allows us to reduce the atmospheric muon component while retaining a high rate of starting neutrino events. The method presented today also rejects atmospheric neutrinos if they are accompanied by muons from the same cosmic ray shower, lowering the 50% purity threshold for astrophysical-to-atmospheric neutrinos from 100 TeV to 10 TeV at declinations less than -25°. We use 10% (burn sample) of 9.5 years IceCube data to demonstrate the status of this dataset. We outline a planned measurement of the diffuse neutrino flux inclusive of theoretical and detector systematic uncertainties. In addition, we discuss searches for neutrino point sources and diffuse galactic plane neutrino emission in the Southern sky and plans to release high astrophysical-purity real-time alerts to the multi-messenger community.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1130
JournalProceedings of Science
StatePublished - Mar 18 2022
Event37th International Cosmic Ray Conference, ICRC 2021 - Virtual, Berlin, Germany
Duration: Jul 12 2021Jul 23 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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