Second Language Concept-Based Pragmatics Instruction: The Role of Languaging

Rémi A. Van Compernolle, Celeste Kinginger

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

2 Scopus citations


Expanding on her work on collaborative dialogue and language learning in the zone of proximal development (ZPD), Swain has explored the role of ‘languaging’ in developing students’ understanding of complex grammatical concepts (e.g. active, middle and passive voice in French; Swain et al., 2009). Languaging involves articulating one’s understanding of the concept to be learned – or externalization in Vygotskian terms – so that it can become an object of conscious reflection and modification in internalization. Swain et al. (2009: 5) describe languaging as ‘a form of verbalization used to mediate the solution(s) to complex problems and tasks’.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPerspectives on Language as Action
PublisherChannel View Publications
Number of pages18
ISBN (Electronic)9781788922944
ISBN (Print)9781788922920
StatePublished - Feb 22 2019

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Arts and Humanities
  • General Social Sciences


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