Seed architecture shapes embryo metabolism in oilseed rape

Ljudmilla Borisjuk, Thomas Neuberger, Jörg Schwender, Nicolas Heinzel, Stephanie Sunderhaus, Johannes Fuchs, Jordan O. Hay, Henning Tschiersch, Hans Peter Braun, Peter Denolf, Bart Lambert, Peter M. Jakob, Hardy Rolletschek

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

110 Scopus citations


Constrained to develop within the seed, the plant embryo must adapt its shape and size to fit the space available. Here, we demonstrate how this adjustment shapes metabolism of photosynthetic embryo. Noninvasive NMR-based imaging of the developing oilseed rape (Brassica napus) seed illustrates that, following embryo bending, gradients in lipid concentration became established. These were correlated with the local photosynthetic electron transport rate and the accumulation of storage products. Experimentally induced changes in embryo morphology and/or light supply altered these gradients and were accompanied by alterations in both proteome and metabolome. Tissue-specific metabolic models predicted that the outer cotyledon and hypocotyl/radicle generate the bulk of plastidic reductant/ATP via photosynthesis, while the inner cotyledon, being enclosed by the outer cotyledon, is forced to grow essentially heterotrophically. Under field-relevant highlight conditions, major contribution of the ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase-bypass to seed storage metabolism is predicted for the outer cotyledon and the hypocotyl/radicle only. Differences between in vitro- versus in planta-grown embryos suggest that metabolic heterogeneity of embryo is not observable by in vitro approaches. We conclude that in vivo metabolic fluxes are locally regulated and connected to seed architecture, driving the embryo toward an efficient use of available light and space.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1625-1640
Number of pages16
JournalPlant Cell
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Plant Science


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