Selective creeping bentgrass control in Kentucky bluegrass and tall fescue with mesotrione and triclopyr ester

Peter H. Dernoeden, John E. Kaminski, Jinmin Fu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


Creeping bentgrass (Agrostis stolonifera L.; CBG) is a common weed in home lawns and golf course roughs in many regions of the United States. Currently, no herbicides are registered for selective control of CBG in cool-season grasses. The objective of this field study was to evaluate the ability of mesotrione and triclopyr ester to selectively remove CBG from Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis L.) and tall fescue (Festuca arundinacea Schreb.). Mesotrione (0.14 and 0.21 kg·ha-1 a.i.) and triclopyr ester (0.56 and 1.12 kg·ha-1 a.i.) were applied on a 2-week interval two, three, or four times in Connecticut and Maryland in 2005, and three or four times in Maryland in 2006. Two applications of mesotrione at 0.21 kg·ha -1 a.i. provided marginally acceptable CBG control, but three or four applications at 0.14 or 0.21 kg·ha-1 a.i. provided excellent CBG control. Mesotrione elicited little or no injury to Kentucky bluegrass, but generally caused objectionable injury in tall fescue for about 7 to 14 d after each application. Triclopyr applied at 0.56 kg·ha-1 a.i. reduced CBG cover, but the level of control generally was unacceptable, regardless of application frequency. Three or four applications of triclopyr (1.12 kg·ha-1 a.i.) effectively controlled CBG in Connecticut in 2005 and Maryland in 2006. Triclopyr caused no visual injury to tall fescue, regardless of rate or application frequency. Four triclopyr applications to Kentucky bluegrass, however, were phytotoxic and reduced stand density, especially at the high rate (1.12 kg·ha-1 a.i.). Three summer applications of mesotrione (0.14 kg·ha-1 a.i.) or triclopyr (1.12 kg·ha-1 a.i.) provided the best combination of turfgrass safety and CBG control. Chemical names used: [(3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinyl)oxy] acetic acid (triclopyr ester); 2-[4-(methylsulfonyl)-2-nitrobenzoyl]-1,3- cyclohexanedione (mesotrione).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)509-513
Number of pages5
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Horticulture


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