Selective non-operative management of distal rectal cancer: The Watch & Wait Protocol

Angelita Habr-Gama, Rodrigo O. Perez, Patricio B. Lynn, Guilherme Pagin São Julião, Joaquim José Gama Rodrigues

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

4 Scopus citations


The observation of improved local disease control with the use of preoperative chemoradiation (CRT) for locally advanced rectal cancer established this treatment strategy as one the preferred initial approaches for this disease. Interestingly, the benefits of preoperative CRT were not restricted to local recurrence rates but also included reduced toxicity rates compared to postoperative CRT, significant tumor downstaging and downsizing, greater rates of sphincter preservation, and better functional results [1, 2].

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIntersphincteric Resection for Low Rectal Tumors
PublisherSpringer-Verlag Wien
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9783709109298
ISBN (Print)3709109280, 9783709109281
StatePublished - Jul 1 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Medicine

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