Self-assembled monolayers of alkylphosphonic acids on metal oxides

Wei Gao, Lucy Dickinson, Christina M. Grozinger, Frederick G. Morin, Linda Reven

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Dense, highly ordered monolayers can be prepared by the adsorption of octadecylphosphonic acid (ODPA) onto nonporous ZrO2, TiO2, and zirconated silica powders. ODPA reacts strongly with Al2O3 to form a bulk (aluminoalkyl)phosphonate. The infrared spectra of the ODPA monolayers indicate a degree of conformational order comparable to self-assembled monolayers on planar substrates. From the solid-state 31P and 13C NMR spectra, the strength of the surface interaction and the degree of conformational order decrease in the following order: zirconated silica > ZrO2 > TiO2. Although the inner methylenes are primarily in an all-trans conformation, the chain termina are highly disordered. In the case of zirconated silica, there is evidence for the formation of some bulk zirconium alkylphosphonate. Proton line width measurements from 2D WISE NMR experiments reveal that considerable chain mobility is present in the ODPA monolayers on ZrO2 and TiO2, in contrast to bulk crystalline phases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6429-6435
Number of pages7
Issue number26
StatePublished - Dec 25 1996

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry


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