The need to understand the effect of free time contexts on positive behavioral outcomes for youth is driving a large body of research in the area of youth development. Larson proposed the outcome of initiative as a point of study for these contexts. Initiative is demonstrated by persistence through challenge over time and is theorized to develop in structured activity environments that promote intrinsic motivation. Using Larson's conceptualization as a guide, we sought to examine the influence of adolescent motivation and free time activity participation on adolescent initiative. Findings largely support Larson's conceptualization, and add to it by articulating the potentially detrimental effect of amotivation on the development of initiative. The discussion focuses on the relative importance of structured activities to adolescent development and how free time contexts can support these factors through supporting youth's self-determination.
|Number of pages
|Journal of Leisure Research
|Published - Mar 1 2008
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
- Sociology and Political Science
- Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management