Self-reflection and articulated consumer preferences

John R. Hauser, Songting Dong, Min Ding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations


Accurate measurement of consumer preferences reduces development costs and leads to successful products. Some product-development teams use quantitative methods such as conjoint analysis or structured methods such as Casemap. Other product-development teams rely on unstructured methods such as direct conversations with consumers, focus groups, or qualitative interviews. All methods assume that measured consumer preferences endure and are relevant for consumers' marketplace decisions. This article suggests that if consumers are not first given tasks to encourage preference self-reflection, unstructured methods may not measure accurate and enduring preferences. This paper provides evidence that consumers learn their preferences as they make realistic decisions. Sufficiently challenging decision tasks encourage preference self-reflection which, in turn, leads to more accurate and enduring measures. Evidence suggests further that if consumers are asked to articulate preferences before self-reflection, then that articulation interferes with consumers' abilities to articulate preferences even after they have a chance to self-reflect. The evidence that self-reflection enhances accuracy is based on experiments in the automotive and mobile phone markets. Consumers completed three rotated incentive-aligned preference measurement methods (revealed-preference measures [as in conjoint analysis], a structured method [Casemap], and an unstructured preference-articulation method). The stimuli were designed to be managerially relevant and realistic (53 aspects in automobiles, 22 aspects for mobile phones) so that consumers' decisions approximated in vivo decisions. One to three weeks later, consumers were asked which automobiles (or mobile phones) they would consider. Qualitative comments and response times are consistent with the implications of the measures of predictive ability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17-32
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Product Innovation Management
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Strategy and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation


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