We present the complete cross-section for the production of unpolarized hadrons in semi-inclusive deep-inelastic scattering up to power-suppressed O(1 / Q2) terms in the Wandzura-Wilczek-type approximation, which consists in systematically assuming that q¯ gq-terms are much smaller than q¯ q-correlators. We compute all twist-2 and twist-3 structure functions and the corresponding asymmetries, and discuss the applicability of the Wandzura-Wilczek-type approximations on the basis of available data. We make predictions that can be tested by data from COMPASS, HERMES, Jefferson Lab, and the future Electron-Ion Collider. The results of this paper can be readily used for phenomenology and for event generators, and will help to improve the description of semi-inclusive deep-inelastic processes in terms of transverse momentum dependent parton distribution functions and fragmentation functions beyond the leading twist.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Nuclear and High Energy Physics