Semi-Supervised Node Classification on Graphs: Markov Random Fields vs. Graph Neural Networks

Binghui Wang, Jinyuan Jia, Neil Zhenqiang Gong

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

15 Scopus citations


Semi-supervised node classification on graph-structured data has many applications such as fraud detection, fake account and review detection, user’s private attribute inference in social networks, and community detection. Various methods such as pairwise Markov Random Fields (pMRF) and graph neural networks were developed for semi-supervised node classification. pMRF is more efficient than graph neural networks. However, existing pMRF-based methods are less accurate than graph neural networks, due to a key limitation that they assume a heuristics-based constant edge potential for all edges. In this work, we aim to address the key limitation of existing pMRF-based methods. In particular, we propose to learn edge potentials for pMRF. Our evaluation results on various types of graph datasets show that our optimized pMRF-based method consistently outperforms existing graph neural networks in terms of both accuracy and efficiency. Our results highlight that previous work may have underestimated the power of pMRF for semi-supervised node classification.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication35th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI 2021
PublisherAssociation for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781713835974
StatePublished - 2021
Event35th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI 2021 - Virtual, Online
Duration: Feb 2 2021Feb 9 2021

Publication series

Name35th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI 2021


Conference35th AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, AAAI 2021
CityVirtual, Online

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Artificial Intelligence

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