Sensitivity analysis for initial conditions for proximity operations maneuver in the restricted three-body problem

Davide Conte, David B. Spencer

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations


This paper is focused on determining the initial conditions that are to be used for proximity operation maneuvers for orbital transfers in three-body periodic orbits, including lunar halo orbits and Mars-Phobos Distant Retrograde Orbits (DROs). In order to generate such initial conditions, orbital transfers from Earth to the aforementioned orbits are briefly presented here with an emphasis on the arrival uncertainty. The uncertainty in ∆V generated by propulsion systems of spacecraft is propagated up to the nominal orbit insertion location. This gives an idea on what the initial conditions for the proximity operations phase would be and what maneuvers the spacecraft is expected to perform for proximity operations upon final approach. Here, Time-of-Flight, TOF, is an independent variable and can be seen as a design parameter subject to the constraints provided by the aforementioned initial conditions of the chaser vehicle with respect to the target vehicle. Examples of ∆V-optimal solutions are also shown along with pork chop-like plots for proximity operations, called prosciutto plots. These plots allow mission designers to consider proximity operation maneuvers for the planned operations for various potential departure and arrival windows, giving flexibility and risk management in case the nominal maneuvers are compromised.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAIAA Scitech 2020 Forum
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc, AIAA
ISBN (Print)9781624105951
StatePublished - 2020
EventAIAA Scitech Forum, 2020 - Orlando, United States
Duration: Jan 6 2020Jan 10 2020

Publication series

NameAIAA Scitech 2020 Forum
Volume1 PartF


ConferenceAIAA Scitech Forum, 2020
Country/TerritoryUnited States

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Aerospace Engineering


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