The purpose of the present study was to determine whether catabolic stimuli that induce muscle atrophy alter the muscle mRNA abundance of insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP)-4 and -5, and if so determine the physiological mechanism for such a change. Catabolic insults produced by endotoxin (LPS) and sepsis decreased IGFBP-5 mRNA time- and dose-dependently in gastrocnemius muscle. This reduction did not result from muscle disuse because hindlimb immobilization increased IGFBP-5. Continuous infusion of a nonlethal dose of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) decreased IGFBP-5 mRNA 70%, whereas pretreatment of septic rats with a neutralizing TNF binding protein completely prevented the reduction in muscle IGFBP-5. The addition of LPS or TNF-α to cultured C2C12 myoblasts also decreased IGFBP-5 expression. Although exogenously administered growth hormone (GH) increased IGFBP-5 mRNA 2-fold in muscle from control rats, muscle from septic animals was GH resistant and no such elevation was detected. In contrast, exogenous administration of IGF-I as part of a binary complex composed of IGF-I/IGFBP-3 produced comparable increases in IGFBP-5 mRNA in both control and septic muscle. Concomitant determinations of IGF-I mRNA content revealed a positive linear relationship between IGF-I and IGFBP-5 mRNA in the same muscle in response to LPS, sepsis, TNF-α, and GH treatment. Although dexamethasone decreased muscle IGFBP-5, pretreatment of rats with the glucocorticoid receptor antagonist RU486 did not prevent the sepsis-induced decrease in IGFBP-5 mRNA. In contrast, muscle IGFBP-4 mRNA abundance was not significantly altered by LPS, sepsis, or hindlimb immobilization. In summary, these data demonstrate that various inflammatory insults decrease muscle IGFBP-5 mRNA, without altering IGFBP-4, by a TNF-dependent glucocorticoid-independent mechanism. Finally, IGF-I appears to be a dominant positive regulator of IGFBP-5 gene expression in muscle under both normal and catabolic conditions.
|American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
|Published - Apr 2006
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)