Serine proteinase over-expression in relation to deltamethrin resistance in Culex pipiens pallens

Maoqing Gong, Bo Shen, Yan Gu, Haisheng Tian, Lei Ma, Xiulan Li, Mingxia Yang, Ying Hu, Yan Sun, Xiaobang Hu, Jianyong Li, Changliang Zhu

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Two serine proteinase genes were isolated from Culex pipiens pallens as significantly up-regulated genes in a deltamethrin-resistant strain through a combination of suppression substractive hybridization and gene expression profiling by macroarrays. These two genes were found to be expressed at least threefold higher in the resistant strain than in the susceptible one. By using rapid amplification of cDNA ends to screen the constructed cDNA library, we cloned these two sequences. There were 909 bp with an open reading frame of 786 bp in the sequence of trypsin cDNA (GenBank/NCBI AY034060), the deduced protein had 261 amino acids, which was most similar to the trypsin gene of Anopheles gambiae. There were 992 bp with an open reading frame of 816 bp in the chymotrypsin cDNA (GenBank/NCBI AF468495), and its deduced amino acid sequence had 271 amino acids, which was most similar to the chymotrypsin-like protein from Aedes aegypti. The two genes were stably expressed in mosquito C6/36 cells, and the expected 29 and 30 kDa bands were shown with Western blot, respectively. In these cells, after deltamethrin treatment, they had protective effects on the viability. The results indicate that trypsin and chymotrypsin were more highly expressed in the deltamethrin-resistant strain, and was related to insecticide resistance in mosquitoes, Cx. pipiens pallens.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)53-62
Number of pages10
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jun 1 2005

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology

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