Sex-specific association of RAGE and HMGB1 genotype variations with susceptibility to ischemic stroke in Caucasians

Regeneron Genetics Center

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Background: The role of genotype variants of HMGB1 and RAGE in susceptibility to acute ischemic stroke remains inconclusive. Methods: Caucasian acute ischemic stroke patients admitted to three hospitals within a large healthcare system in the U.S. between 2009 and 2017 were reviewed. For each stroke case, three age and sex-matched non-stroke patients were identified as controls. Associations of phased-genotype data for RAGE (rs1035798, rs2070600, rs1800624, rs1800625) and HMGB1 (rs1360485, rs1045411, rs3742305, rs2249825, rs1412125) single-nucleotide-polymorphisms (SNPs) and haplotypes with stroke susceptibility were analyzed. The Benjamini-Hochberg procedure was performed. Results: Collectively, 4,264 patients, 1,066 acute ischemic stroke and 3,198 controls were identified. Genotype distributions were in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. None of the SNPs alternate allele frequencies differed from the NCBI SNP database. No differences were found in the genotype distributions when analyzing each SNP and the two most common haplotypes in a covariate adjusted model. In a sex-specific stratification, males harboring the RAGE SNP rs1800625 AG or GG genotype had an independently increased risk for ischemic strokes compared to controls (adjusted OR = 1.27,95%CI 1.03–1.57, pa = 0.0276). After the Benjamini-Hochberg procedure, a trend towards this association remained (pBH = 0.1104). Conclusion: No association of RAGE and HMGB1 genotypes variations with risk for overall ischemic stroke or specific stroke subtypes could be observed. Congruent with the literature, a sex-specific role of RAGE SNPs might associate with stroke susceptibility. The functional role of the HMGB1-RAGE axis in this context warrants further exploration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)328-331
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Clinical Neuroscience
StatePublished - Dec 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Physiology (medical)


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