Sexual Arousal Patterns of Autogynephilic Male Cross-Dressers

Kevin J. Hsu, A. M. Rosenthal, David I. Miller, J. Michael Bailey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Men’s sexual arousal patterns have been an important window into the nature of their erotic interests. Autogynephilia is a natal male’s paraphilic tendency to be sexually aroused by the thought or image of being a woman. Autogynephilic arousal per se is difficult to assess objectively, because it is inwardly focused. However, assessing sexual arousal patterns of autogynephilic males in response to external stimuli is also potentially useful. For example, there is substantial association between autogynephilia and gynandromorphophilia (GAMP), or sexual attraction to gynandromorphs (GAMs), colloquially “she-males.” GAMP men’s sexual arousal patterns in response to GAM, female, and male stimuli have recently been characterized. In the present study, we extended this understanding by comparing the sexual arousal patterns of autogynephilic male cross-dressers, GAMP men, heterosexual men, and homosexual men. Erotic stimuli included sexually explicit videos of men, women, and GAMs. Autogynephilic men were much more similar in their arousal patterns to heterosexual and GAMP men than to homosexual men. However, similar to GAMP men, autogynephilic men showed increased arousal by GAM stimuli relative to female stimuli compared with heterosexual men.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)247-253
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Sexual Behavior
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • General Psychology


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