Shape Grammar as a Typology Defining Tool for Ancient Egyptian Funerary Monuments

Anja Wutte, José Pinto Duarte

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


This paper proposes a parametric shape grammar for ancient Egyptian funerary monuments. The corpus of monuments includes ten rock-cut structures, duly documented. They exhibit different grades of completion and preservation and possess variant archaeological documentation. The generation of a design following the proposed grammar depends both on formal and functional aspects. Metadata indicates the evidential value and numerical occurrence of rules in the generation of designs. The developed grammar can be used to reconstruct unfinished tombs, extend an existing one, or generate new designs according to the rules. It denotes the linear and symmetric structure characteristic of the monuments and reflects the chronological sequence of construction. The proposed grammar encodes the typology of the studied monuments and suggests that ancient Egyptian architecture may have implied a clear set of canons that may be made explicit by developing additional grammars for other building types.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)319-336
Number of pages18
JournalNexus Network Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Architecture
  • General Mathematics
  • Visual Arts and Performing Arts


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