Shaping Urban Block Building Form to Correlate PV Production with Electricity Demand

Ali Alhussain, Yumna Kurdi, Somayeh Asadi, Nathan Brown

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Incorporating building-integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) systems at the urban level can reduce emissions and increase clean electricity generation. However, these systems face challenges in matching electricity demand and supply, particularly during peak demand. A proposed solution is optimizing the orientation of BIPV panels, but this can be challenging due to limited space available for panels, self-shading, and difficulties integrating panels into the building façade. This paper proposes a framework that simultaneously optimizes both BIPV orientations and building forms while considering the energy demand of the urban block. The approach is demonstrated through a case study of six mid-rise apartment buildings in California. The process sought to minimize overgeneration of energy while minimizing the system payback period. Depending on designer priorities, quality designs can have a payback period ranging from 0 to 18 years and overgeneration between 0% and 30%. The methodology offers a performance-driven design optimization technique for BIPV systems at the urban level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationComputing in Civil Engineering 2023
Subtitle of host publicationResilience, Safety, and Sustainability - Selected Papers from the ASCE International Conference on Computing in Civil Engineering 2023
EditorsYelda Turkan, Joseph Louis, Fernanda Leite, Semiha Ergan
PublisherAmerican Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)
Pages228-236
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9780784485248
DOIs
StatePublished - 2024
EventASCE International Conference on Computing in Civil Engineering 2023: Resilience, Safety, and Sustainability, i3CE 2023 - Corvallis, United States
Duration: Jun 25 2023Jun 28 2023

Publication series

NameComputing in Civil Engineering 2023: Resilience, Safety, and Sustainability - Selected Papers from the ASCE International Conference on Computing in Civil Engineering 2023

Conference

ConferenceASCE International Conference on Computing in Civil Engineering 2023: Resilience, Safety, and Sustainability, i3CE 2023
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityCorvallis
Period6/25/236/28/23

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Computer Science
  • Civil and Structural Engineering

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