Should men with idiopathic obstructive azoospermia be screened for genitourinary tuberculosis?

Rajan Gupta, Prabhjot Singh, Rajeev Kumar

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8 Scopus citations


Objective: Infertility may be the sole manifestation of genitourinary tuberculosis (TB) and men with idiopathic obstructive azoospermia are often screened for TB using semen polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test. We assessed the benefits of such screening. Design: Totally, 100 infertile men with idiopathic obstructive azoospermia were screened with a kit-based PCR for semen TB. Confirmatory tests for TB were performed in PCR positive men before administering anti-tubercular therapy (ATT) for 6 months. Semen analysis was repeated to assess benefits of treatment. Results: Seven subjects (7%) had positive semen PCR for TB. Four of them had other clinical evidence of TB (history and physical signs) and were administered ATT. None had any improvement in semen parameters. No subject had any other laboratory evidence of TB and no other subject (96%) was administered ATT. Conclusions: Screening for TB using semen PCR did not identify any men who would have been missed on clinical evaluation and is thus not indicated in men with idiopathic obstructive azoospermia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-47
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Human Reproductive Sciences
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2015

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Reproductive Medicine

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