Shrinkage and strength development of alkali-activated fly ash-slag binary cements

Maryam Hojati, Aleksandra Radlińska

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

125 Scopus citations


This paper evaluates the effect of fly ash and slag proportions and the type of activating solution on shrinkage and strength development of alkali-activated binary fly ash-slag mixtures (mortar and paste), cured at room temperature. Three different volumetric ratios of slag/fly ash were considered: 10%, 15%, and 20%. Two activators with different pH and modulus, n = (SiO2/Na2O)mol were utilized. The liquid to solid volume ratio of all binders was maintained at 0.75. The results showed that while the addition of slag significantly shortens the time of setting (up to 178 min), and increases the compressive strength (up to 93%) and bulk modulus (up to 43%), it also results in higher autogenous shrinkage, but smaller mass loss during drying. Measured drying shrinkage of mixtures with various slag contents was similar, likely due to counteracting effects of binder stiffness and degree of saturation. Fly ash-slag binders activated at higher pH exhibited larger chemical shrinkage, but lower autogenous (up to 21%) and drying shrinkage (up to 47%) magnitude.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)808-816
Number of pages9
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
StatePublished - Sep 30 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Materials Science(all)


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