Anisotropic colloidal particles consisting of different compositions and geometry are useful for various applications. These include optical biosensing, antireflective coatings and electronic displays. In this work we demonstrate a simple and cost-effective method for fabricating anisotropic colloidal particles bearing a snowman-like shape. This is achieved by first settling the positively-charged polystyrene latex (PSL) colloids and negatively-charged silica colloids in deionized water onto a glass substrate, forming heterodoublets. The temperature is then raised above the glass transition temperature of the polymer. As a result, the silica particle spontaneously rises to the top of the PSL particle forming a snowman like structure. We have extended this method to different sizes and shown that the structure of the hybrid particles can be tuned by adjusting the size ratio between the silica and the PSL colloids. The surface coverage of the PSL, and hence of the snowman particles, on the glass substrate can also be varied by changing the ionic strength of the solution during the adhesion of PSL to the glass.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry