A mixed-domain method (MDM) dubbed frequency-specific MDM (FSMDM) is introduced for the simulation of the second-harmonic ultrasound field in weakly heterogeneous media. The governing equation for the second harmonics is derived based on the quasi-linear theory. The speed of sound, nonlinear coefficient, and attenuation coefficient are all spatially varying functions in the equation. The fundamental frequency pressure field is first solved by the FSMDM and it is subsequently used as the source term for the second-harmonics equation. This equation can be again solved by the FSMDM to rapidly obtain the second-harmonic pressure field. Five 2-D cases, including one with a realistic human tissue map, are studied to systematically verify the proposed method. Results from the previously developed transient MDM are used as the benchmark solutions. Comparisons show that the two methods give similar results for all cases. More importantly, the FSMDM has a crucial advantage over the transient MDM in that it can be two orders of magnitude faster.
|Number of pages
|IEEE Transactions on Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control
|Published - Apr 2019
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering