Single crystal PZN/PT transducers

Patrick D. Lopath, Seung Eek Park, K. Kirk Shung, T. R. Shrout

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Single crystal Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3 (PZN) / PbTiO3 (PT) solid solutions have been investigated as the active materials in medical diagnostic transducers. The compositionally controlled properties of this crystal system allow the application of this material to transducers which span the frequency range of modern diagnostic transducers. Phased array elements operating at 5MHz were constructed from rhombohedral PZN / 4.5% PT single crystals and compared to PZT 5-H elements. The single crystal element displayed similar sensitivity over a broader bandwidth response. Transducer construction techniques employed differ from standard ceramic arrays. Crystallographic alignment was found to be a significant contributor to piezoelectric performance. The crystal structure and phase diagram play a major role in processing steps requiring heating such as poling and electroding. Emphasizing the versatility of the PZN/PT single crystals, a 20 MHz single element was also constructed, using tetragonal PZN/12% PT. Its response was compared to theoretical pulse-echoes generated via the KLM model.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)242-248
Number of pages7
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - 1998
EventMedical Imaging 1998: Ultrasonic Transducer Engineering - San Diego, CA, United States
Duration: Feb 25 1998Feb 26 1998

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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