Background: Neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS), due to surfactant deficiency in preterm infants, is the most common cause of respiratory morbidity. The surfactant proteins (SFTP) genetic variants have been well-studied in association with RDS; however, the impact of SNP-SNP (single nucleotide polymorphism) interactions on RDS has not been addressed. Therefore, this study utilizes a newer statistical model to determine the association of SFTP single SNP model and SNP-SNP interactions in a two and a three SNP interaction model with RDS susceptibility. Methods: This study used available genotype and clinical data in the Floros biobank at Penn State University. The patients consisted of 848 preterm infants, born <36 weeks of gestation, with 477 infants with RDS and 458 infants without RDS. Seventeen well-studied SFTPA1, SFTPA2, SFTPB, SFTPC, and SFTPD SNPs were investigated. Wang's statistical model was employed to test and identify significant associations in a case-control study. Results: Only the rs17886395 (C allele) of the SFTPA2 was associated with protection for RDS in a single-SNP model (Odd's Ratio 0.16, 95% CI 0.06–0.43, adjusted p = 0.03). The highest number of interactions (n = 27) in the three SNP interactions were among SFTPA1 and SFTPA2. The three SNP models showed intergenic and intragenic interactions among all SFTP SNPs except SFTPC. Conclusion: The single SNP model and SNP interactions using the two and three SNP interactions models identified SFTP-SNP associations with RDS. However, the large number of significant associations containing SFTPA1 and/or SFTPA2 SNPs point to the importance of SFTPA1 and SFTPA2 in RDS susceptibility.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health