Sintering behavior and mechanical properties of Mo-TZM alloyed with nanotitanium carbide

Paul N. Browning, Joseph Fignar, Anil Kulkarni, Jogender Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


Molybdenum alloys are used in a number of commercial, defense, nuclear, and aerospace applications that take advantage of their high melting temperature, good creep resistance, and decent mechanical properties at elevated temperature. Titanium-Zirconium-Molybdenum (TZM) alloys are the most commercially important Mo alloy as they possess substantially higher strength than pure molybdenum while still maintaining strong mechanical performance at elevated temperature. High density components of these alloys are of interest for high performance defense and aerospace applications, however obtaining high relative densities by sintering has proven difficult. Here we report nano-titanium carbide addition as an effective method of improving TZM sintered density as well as increasing alloy hardness and flexural strength. Pure TZM was sintered by Field Assisted sintering Technique (FAST) to over 98.5% density at 2000 °C under 55 MPa applied pressure, while density was improved to > 99% using TiC addition. TiC addition was found to result in reduced grain size and improved hardness of as-sintered alloys, including over a 95% reduction in grain size and 75% increase in hardness for TZM with 10 vol%TiC addition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)78-84
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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