The sites of action of several opiate agonists at the feline ileocecal sphincter (ICS) were studied. Dose-response curves for the relatively specific ligands for the μ-, κ-, and σ-receptors were determined using morphine (μ-receptors), dynorphin-(1-13) (κ-receptors), and N-allylnormetazocine (σ-receptors). Each agonist results in a contractile ICS response. The ICS responded stereospecifically to the leveoisomer of N-allylnormetazocine. Atropine (30 μg/kg) or naloxone (100 μg/kg) antagonized the ICS response to morphine and to (-)-N-allylnormetazocine. Higher doses of naloxone were required to inhibit the ICS response to dynorphin. Neither atropine nor tetrodotoxin inhibited the ICS response to dynorphin. The ICS response to dynorphin was enhanced after tetrodotoxin. Morphine tachyphylaxis inhibited the ICS response to (-)-N-allylnormetazocine and vice versa. The ICS response to morphine was unaffected by vagotomy but inhibited by trimethaphan camsylate. This study suggests that dynorphin (κ-receptor) acts at a smooth muscle receptor to mediate contraction and a neural receptor to mediate relaxation, while (-)-N-allylnormetazocine acts at the ICS via μ-receptor. μ-Receptor activation causes ICS contraction via a cholinergic pathway.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1988|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physiology (medical)