Size-dependent anatase to rutile phase transformation and particle growth

Kairat Sabyrov, Nathan D. Burrows, R. Lee Penn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations


Phase transformation and particle growth are fundamental processes that govern final particle size and morphology, as well as phase composition. At the nanoscale, these processes can be significantly affected by initial particle size. Rates of anatase growth and its transformation to rutile increase with decreasing initial size under hydrothermal conditions at pH 1 and pH 3. Overall, rates are slower at the higher pH. At pH 1, the data fit well to a kinetic model developed based on a dissolution-precipitation mechanism. However, at pH 3, it deviates substantially from the model, indicating that the transformation occurs via a different mechanism or a mixture of dissolution-precipitation and another mechanism, which likely involves aggregation. Finally, the compactness of the aggregates affects the processes significantly. That is, densely aggregated particles show higher transformation and growth rates, compared to loosely aggregated ones.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1408-1415
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry of Materials
Issue number8
StatePublished - Apr 23 2013

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Size-dependent anatase to rutile phase transformation and particle growth'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this