Sleep restriction with circadian disruption negatively alter bone turnover markers in women

Christine M. Swanson, Steven A. Shea, Wendy M. Kohrt, Kenneth P. Wright, Sean W. Cain, Mirjam Munch, Nina Vujovic, Charles A. Czeisler, Eric S. Orwoll, Orfeu M. Buxton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Purpose: The purpose of this work is to determine whether an uncoupling of bone turnover markers (BTMs) occurs in women exposed to the combination of sleep restriction with circadian disruption (SRCD), as previously reported in men. Methods: Four bone biomarkers (N-terminal propeptide of type I procollagen [P1NP] and osteocalcin = bone formation; C-telopeptide [CTX] = bone resorption; sclerostin = bone formation inhibitor) were measured in bihourly samples over 24 hours at baseline and after approximately 3 weeks of sleep restriction (~5.6 hours of sleep/24 hours) with concurrent circadian disruption (SRCD, recurring 28-hour "day" in dim light). Maximum likelihood estimation in a repeatedmeasures model was used to assess the effects of SRCD and age on bone biomarkers. Results: Five women were young (22 ± 2.8 years) and four were older (58 ± 1.8 years). Baseline bone biomarker levels did not differ by age (all P ≥ .07). Bone formation markers were lower after SRCD (estimate ± SEE, ΔP1NP = -9.5 ± 2.8 μg/L, P = .01; Δosteocalcin = -2.3 ± 0.9 ng/mL, P = .04). The P1NP decline was greater in young women (ΔP1NP = -12.9 ± 3.7 μg/L, P = .01). After SRCD, CTX was significantly higher in young women (0.182 ± 0.069 ng/mL, P = .04) but did not change in older women. Conclusions: These pilot data are similar to previous findings in men and suggest that SRCD negatively altered bone metabolism in women by decreasing markers of bone formation and, in young women, increasing a marker of bone resorption. If sustained, this pattern of BTM uncoupling may lead to bone loss and lower bone mineral density. (J Clin Endocrinol Metab 105: 1-8, 2020).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2456-2463
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 1 2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical


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