Social Robots for Older Adults with Dementia: A Narrative Review on Challenges & Future Directions

Daniel Woods, Fengpei Yuan, Ying Ling Jao, Xiaopeng Zhao

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

7 Scopus citations


Worldwide, approximately 50 million people live with Alzheimer’s disease or other dementias and there are nearly 10 million new cases every year. Social robots have been a promising approach to supplement human caregivers in dementia care. In this narrative review, we reviewed 62 articles to gain insight into the attitudes and perceptions among people with dementia and other stakeholders worldwide towards using social robots to assist dementia care. Then, we discussed some critical factors and challenges found in these studies influencing people’s perceptions as well as future directions in this field. The primary influencing challenges include cultural factors, users’ limited experiences with technologies, methodological challenges underlying qualitative studies as well as technological malfunctions in current robot system. We further suggested several aspects to be taken into more consideration in future research, including collaborations with other stakeholders, design of individual or group use for dementia care, an adaptive level of autonomy in a social robot and long-term human-robot interaction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationSocial Robotics - 13th International Conference, ICSR 2021, Proceedings
EditorsHaizhou Li, Shuzhi Sam Ge, Yan Wu, Agnieszka Wykowska, Hongsheng He, Xiaorui Liu, Dongyu Li, Jairo Perez-Osorio
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9783030905248
StatePublished - 2021
Event13th International Conference on Social Robotics, ICSR 2021 - Singapore, Singapore
Duration: Nov 10 2021Nov 13 2021

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
Volume13086 LNAI
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference13th International Conference on Social Robotics, ICSR 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • General Computer Science


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