Socio-economic status and malaria-related outcomes in Mvomero District, Tanzania

Katherine L. Dickinson, Heather F. Randell, Randall A. Kramer, Elizabeth H. Shayo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


While policies often target malaria prevention and treatment - proximal causes of malaria and related health outcomes - too little attention has been given to the role of household- and individual-level socio-economic status (SES) as a fundamental cause of disease risk in developing countries. This paper presents a conceptual model outlining ways in which SES may influence malaria-related outcomes. Building on this conceptual model, we use household data from rural Mvomero, Tanzania, to examine empirical relationships among multiple measures of household and individual SES and demographics, on the one hand, and malaria prevention, illness, and diagnosis and treatment behaviours, on the other. We find that access to prevention and treatment is significantly associated with indicators of households' wealth; education-based disparities do not emerge in this context. Meanwhile, reported malaria illness shows a stronger association with demographic variables than with SES (controlling for prevention). Greater understanding of the mechanisms through which SES and malaria policies interact to influence disease risk can help to reduce health disparities and reduce the malaria burden in an equitable manner.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)384-399
Number of pages16
JournalGlobal Public Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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