Sol-gel-derived PZT fibers: development and limitations

Richard Meyer, Shoko Yoshikawa, Thomas Shrout

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Fine scale lead zirconate titanate (PZT) fibers were fabricated from sol-gel processed viscous 'sol' using spinning methodology developed for the continuous production of glass and carbon fibers. Subsequent drying and firing at temperatures above 700 degrees Celsius resulted in phase pure perovskite fibers with diameters ranging from 30 to 70 micrometers. The dense fibers were comprised of sub-micron grains at sintering temperatures below 1000 degrees Celsius, growing to 2 - 3 micrometers at 1200 degrees Celsius. The dielectric properties of the sol-gel derived fibers were comparable with that of bulk ceramics for both undoped and modified PZT compositions. Relevant to mechanical properties, however, the fine scale PZT fibers exhibited fracture strengths on the order of 50 MPa, well below that of structural fiber materials, e.g. Al 2O 3, limiting their potential use in active structural composites.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
EditorsAndrew Crowson
Number of pages11
StatePublished - 1996
EventSmart Materials Technologies and Biomimetics - San Diego, CA, USA
Duration: Feb 26 1996Mar 2 1996

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X


OtherSmart Materials Technologies and Biomimetics
CitySan Diego, CA, USA

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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