Solid solubility and precipitation in a single-crystal alumina-zirconia system

Matthew A. Stough, John R. Hellmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations


Solid solubility was examined in Zr-doped sapphire and Al-doped yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) single crystals from 1200° to 1600°C. Specimens were fabricated via ion implantation of single crystals, followed by annealing in air. Secondary ion mass spectroscopy (SIMS) was used to quantify solute redistribution during annealing. Comparison of SIMS results with analytical electron microscopy (AEM) revealed an alumina solubility of 0.2-0.3 wt% in zirconia, and a zirconia solubility of 0.004-0.027 wt% in alumina. Direct imaging of zirconia precipitates revealed that tetragonal zirconia precipitates from supersaturated sapphire with the following orientation relationship: (100)tetragonal ∥ (0001)sapphire and [01̄1]tetragonal ∥ [12̄10]sapphire.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2895-2902
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 2002

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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