Solid-state reactive sintering of transparent polycrystalline Nd:YAG ceramics

Sang Ho Lee, Sujarinee Kochawattana, Gary L. Messing, John Q. Dumm, Gregory Quarles, Vida Castillo

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205 Scopus citations


Transparent polycrystalline Nd:YAG ceramics were fabricated by solid-state reactive sintering a mixture of commercial Al 2O 3, Y 2O 3, and Nd 2O 3 powders. The powders were mixed in methanol and doped with 0.5 wt tetraethoxysilane (TEOS), dried, and pressed. Pressed samples were sintered from 1700° to 1850°C in vacuum without calcination. Transparent fully dense samples with average grain sizes of ∼50 μm were obtained at 1800°C for all Nd 2O 3 levels studied (0, 1, 3, and 5 at.). The sintering temperature was little affected by Nd concentration, but SiO 2 doping lowered the sintering temperature by ∼100°C. Abnormal grain growth was frequently observed in samples sintered at 1850°C. The Nd concentration was determined by energy-dispersive spectroscopy to be uniform throughout the samples. The in-line transmittance was >80 in the 350-900 nm range regardless of the Nd concentration. The best 1 at. Nd:YAG ceramics (2 mm thick) achieved 84 transmittance, which is equivalent to 0.9 at. Nd:YAG single crystals grown by the Czochralski method.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1945-1950
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry


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