Solvent-controlled electron transfer in crystal violet lactone

Xiang Li, Mark Maroncelli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations


Steady-state and picosecond time-resolved emission experiments are used to examine the excited-state charge transfer reaction of crystal violet lactone (CVL) in aprotic solvents. Solvatochromic analysis using a dielectric continuum model suggests dipole moments of 9 - 12 D for the initially excited (LE) state and ̃24 D for the charge-transfer (CT) state. Intensities of steady-state emission as well as kinetic data provide free energies for the LE → CT reaction that range from +12 kJ/mol in nonpolar solvents to - 10 kJ/mol in highly polar solvents at 25 °C. Reaction rates constants, which lie in the range of 10 - 100 ns- 1 in most solvents, depend on both solvent polarity and solvent friction. In highly polar solvents, rates are correlated to solvation times in a manner that indicates that the reaction is a solvent-controlled electron transfer on an adiabatic potential surface having a modest barrier.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3746-3754
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Issue number16
StatePublished - Apr 28 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry


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