Some things are just made to be littered

Peter B. Crabb, Matthew P. Lessack

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Previous research has identified a number of situational factors that can contribute to littering in various settings. One key factor that has been largely overlooked is the products that people litter. A descriptive survey of roadside litter was conducted with the goals of identifying the most-littered products and their industry sources. A sample of litter was collected from roads in rural, suburban, and urban areas in Pennsylvania. Of 2,611 littered objects, most (84.6%) litter was waste from one-use smoking, beverage, food, and packaging products. The findings support the view that some products are differentially associated with littering behavior and are thus highly "litterable," leading to recommendations for reducing litter by targeting those products for change.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-47
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Social Ecology and Sustainable Development
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 1 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Ecology
  • Development
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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