Soybean root development relative to vegetative and reproductive phenology

Jessica A. Torrion, Tri D. Setiyono, Kenneth G. Cassman, Richard B. Ferguson, Suat Irmak, James E. Specht

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations


Knowledge of soybean [Glycine max (L.) Merr.] primary, secondary, and tertiary root tip locations in the soil vs. seasonal time would enhance modeling of soybean development. The seasonal progression of root tip development and shoot phenology was evaluated in situ using an imaging device inserted into minirhizotron tubes installed in the soil at an in-row 30° angle. Primary root tip extension was linear (i.e., 1.5 and 1.2 cm d-1 each year) until the full-seed stage. Emergent 5-mm secondary roots were routinely detected about 10-cm above the primary root tip, and thus present in a soil layer 11 d after the primary root tip had passed through that layer. Secondary roots followed a similar temporal pattern. Primary root tip location in the soil paralleled a 17°C soil temperature isoline. The 3.7-d phyllochron of main-stem node accrual between first node and seed fill may be a calibratable proxy for inferring correspondent root tip depths.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1702-1709
Number of pages8
JournalAgronomy Journal
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2012

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Agronomy and Crop Science


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