Sparse modeling and recursive prediction of space-time dynamics in stochastic sensor networks

Yun Chen, Hui Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Wireless sensor network has emerged as a key technology for monitoring space-time dynamics of complex systems, e.g., environmental sensor network, battlefield surveillance network, and body area sensor network. However, sensor failures are not uncommon in traditional sensing systems. As such, we propose the design of stochastic sensor networks to allow a subset of sensors at varying locations within the network to transmit dynamic information intermittently. Realizing the full potential of stochastic sensor network hinges on the development of novel information-processing algorithms to support the design and exploit the uncertain information for decision making. This paper presents a new approach of sparse particle filtering to model spatiotemporal dynamics of big data in the stochastic sensor network. Notably, we developed a sparse kernel-weighted regression model to achieve a parsimonious representation of spatial patterns. Further, the parameters of spatial model are transformed into a reduced-dimension space, and thereby sequentially updated with the recursive Bayesian estimation when new sensor observations are available over time. Therefore, spatial and temporal processes closely interact with each other. Experimental results on real-world data and different scenarios of stochastic sensor networks (i.e., spatially, temporally, and spatiotemporally dynamic networks) demonstrated the effectiveness of sparse particle filtering to support the stochastic design and harness the uncertain information for modeling space-time dynamics of complex systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number71725266
Pages (from-to)215-226
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Automation Science and Engineering
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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