Spatiotemporal response shaping of transport-reaction processes via adaptive reduced order models

Davood Babaei Pourkargar, Antonios Armaou

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


We present a framework to address the dynamic response shaping question of nonlinear transport-reaction chemical processes. The spatiotemporal behavior of such processes can be described in the form of dissipative partial differential equations (PDEs), the modal infinite-dimensional representation of which can in principle be partitioned into two subsystems; a finite-dimensional slow and its complement infinite-dimensional fast and stable subsystem. The dynamic shaping problem is addressed via regulation of error dynamics between the process and a desired spatiotemporal behavior presented by a target PDE system. We approximate the infinite-dimensional nature of the systems via model order reduction; adaptive proper orthogonal decomposition (APOD) is used to compute and recursively update the set of empirical basis functions required by Galerkin projection to build switching reduced order models of the spatiotemporal dynamics. Then, the nonlinear output feedback control design is formulated by combination of a feedback control law and a nonlinear Luenberger type dynamic observer to regulate the error dynamics. The effectiveness of the proposed control approach is demonstrated on shaping the thermal dynamics of an exothermic reaction in a catalytic chemical reactor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publication2016 American Control Conference, ACC 2016
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781467386821
StatePublished - Jul 28 2016
Event2016 American Control Conference, ACC 2016 - Boston, United States
Duration: Jul 6 2016Jul 8 2016

Publication series

NameProceedings of the American Control Conference
ISSN (Print)0743-1619


Other2016 American Control Conference, ACC 2016
Country/TerritoryUnited States

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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