Spectral Analysis of the Heat Flow Across Crystalline and Amorphous Si-Water Interfaces

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Nonequilibrium classical molecular dynamics simulations were employed to investigate thermal transport across crystalline and amorphous silicon (a-Si) surfaces in contact with water for different interfacial bonding strengths. A spectral analysis of heat transfer across the different interfaces revealed the characteristics of the phonon modes contributing to thermal transport. Low-frequency modes contributed the most in hydrophobic interfaces, while a shift toward contribution from higher frequency modes was found for hydrophilic surfaces. The shift to higher frequency modes was not significant for a-Si and crystalline Si(111) interfaces. In-plane phonon modes significantly contributed to heat transfer in Si(100), less significantly in a-Si, and had a minimum contribution in Si(111) hydrophilic interfaces. While the wettability and solid-liquid bonding strength failed in explaining these observations, the interfacial liquid density depletion helped to understand the differences between Si(100) and a-Si interfaces with respect to the Si(111) interface. The interface liquid structure observed in the Si(100) but not in the a-Si system served as an explanation for the dominant contribution of in-plane modes in Si(100). These observations posed the density depletion and liquid structure at solid-liquid interfaces as useful parameters for explaining the underlying mechanisms of phonon transport at solid-liquid interfaces.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11380-11389
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Issue number21
StatePublished - Jun 1 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • General Energy
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films


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