Spectroscopic ellipsometry as an in-situ monitoring tool for Bi2Se3 films grown by molecular beam epitaxy

Maria Hilse, Xiaoyu Wang, Phoebe Killea, Frank Peiris, Roman Engel-Herbert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


In-operando spectroscopic ellipsometry (SE) was used to measure the optical response of Bi2Se3 films grown on sapphire substrates in a molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) reactor during cool-down from a growth temperature of 225 °C. A temperature dependent dielectric model was refined for the topological insulator Bi2Se3 by taking SE spectra at different temperatures and fitting the amplitude ratio and phase difference of orthogonally polarized light using Bi2Se3 films with varying thickness. In-operando SE demonstrated here enabled determining the dielectric function of substrate and growing film unobscured by surface or interface reactions. Its sensitivity to sample temperature and film thickness variations allows determining growth temperature, absolute film thickness, and growth rate in real time, rendering it a reliable and universal approach for a direct comparison of growth conditions between different growth campaigns, thus offering the potential to improve reproducibility of the growth conditions for Bi2Se3 based films and heterostructures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number126177
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
StatePublished - Jul 15 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry


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