Speech-Language Pathologists' Approach to Alternative Access for Augmentative and Alternative Communication for Children With Motor Impairments

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Abstract

Purpose: This study examined the processes that speech-language pathologists (SLPs) use during an augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) assessment with children with motor impairments to determine alternative access solutions. These children often are the most vulnerable to a poor fit of their AAC system, which alternative access is an integral part. Although there is an abundance of information as to what types of considerations should be made during these assessments, there is no guidance as to how the assessment is completed. The goal of this study is to build evidence about the process. Method: A collective case design was used to gain detailed insights into the decision-making process. Interviews and vignette responses were two components of the data collection. Each of the five SLPs, or cases, who participated in the study transcripts was analyzed in isolation as part of a within-case analysis. Once each SLP's process was understood, a cross-case comparison was completed to ascertain similarities or differences across the five. Results: The cross-case assertions are presented in this article. Although the SLPs individually reported a lack of defined process, a clear systemization became evident when considered collectively. The SLPs all focused on the child, isolated motor access skills, and used a process of experimentation over time to build their final recommendations. Conclusions: The cross-case assertions are presented in this article. Although the SLPs individually reported a lack of defined process, a clear systemization became evident when considered collectively. The SLPs all focused on the child, isolated motor access skills, and used a process of experimentation over time to build their final recommendations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)774-790
Number of pages17
JournalAmerican journal of speech-language pathology
Volume33
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Otorhinolaryngology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing

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