We compare theoretical expectations for the observation of spin correlations in top quark pair production and decay at the Fermilab Tevatron and the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC). In particular, we note that the differing top quark pair production mechanisms in the two environments test different aspects of the Standard Model and require different strategies to observe the correlations. At the Tevatron, production is dominated by qq̃→ tt̃ and the strategy is to construct a double-decay angle distribution where one decay angle is measured in the t rest frame and the other in the f rest frame. The dominant process at the LHC is gg→ tt̃ with a rich spin structure that allows for a second option in observing spin correlations. Here the strategy is to select events where the if pair is produced at relatively low velocity in the zero momentum frame (ZMF). For these events, there are strong azimuthal correlations between t and f decay products present. This measurement enjoys the advantage that it can be carried out in the laboratory frame.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)